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Lincoln, Johnson, and Grant review

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  • Abraham Lincoln

When the election of 1860 came, North and South states were now splintering on parties. As the Democrats split into two due to the south and North a new party called the republicans rose up to recognition and nominated Abraham Lincoln. Another party came along the scene called the Constitutional union party nominated John Bell. Abraham Lincoln won the election, many Southerners weren’t that happy with the results of the election. So they threaten secession and claimed that the states had the right to do so. One by one, they started to leave the Union and formed the confederacy of America.

When the south attack fort Sumter, the Union declared war on the confederacy. He later signed the emancipation proclamation which stated that any rebellious slave states would no longer allow slavery but states that border the  south would allow it.   Victories in July 1863 started to turn the tide in the favor of the U.S. He faced reelection in 1864 against the former general George McClellan which he won against. The civil war was drawing to a close and it was clear who was going to won. So Abraham Lincoln decided his vice president would be a southerner called Andrew Johnson. So that the South would feel more welcomed into the Union. Sadly, Lincoln was assassinated at the ford theater in Washington D.C on April 14th, 1865. Two months before the civil war ended.

– Handling of the civil war

9.5/10

  • Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson was thrown into the spotlight when Lincoln died, as he was now the president. Instead of making a move to end the differences between north and south. He embraced it as he vetoed many bills to protect freed slaves and blacks like the civil rights act of 1866 and the Freedman Bureau bill. Republicans unified on this issue and override his veto to pass the civil rights act of 1866. One thing to note was that Southerners hadn’t been seated into congress yet. So Republicans had a majority control in congress.

They also passed the 14th amendment despite Johnson opinion. Congress decided to start passing the reconstruction acts, which gave rights to freed male slaves and expanded the military in the South. Johnson thought it was unconstitutional due to how the south wasn’t represented. He was also impeached due to him kicking out the secretary of war which violated the tenure of office act. But wasn’t kicked out of office by one vote in the senate. He hoped that the Democrats would nominate him for the presidency. But they didn’t.

-Vetoed civil rights bill

-Almost impeached.

0.6/10

  • Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant was nominated for the presidency and won with 214 electoral votes to his opponent Horatio Seymour 80. He tried to ease relations with the North and South by pardoning confederate leaders and protecting the rights of black people. In 1870, the 15th amendment passed which gave black men the rights to vote. He also limited the activities of the Ku Klux Klan. But he had faced many other scandals like Black Friday and the whiskey ring. Black Friday was a result of an attempt of manipulating the gold market and influence the government. The whiskey ring was a bunch of officials conspiring to defraud the federal government alcohol tax revenue.

-Limiting the KKK

-15th amendment

-Scandals

6.9/10

 

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Lincoln, Johnson, and Grant review