John Quincy Adams & Andrew Jackson presidency review

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When James Monroe’s second term had nearly come to a close, the election of 1824 started. There were 2 notable members from his cabinet who wanted to succeed him & their names were William Crawford & John Quincy Adams. The other candidates for the presidency were Henry Clay & Andrew Jackson. But when the election date had come, no one had received the majority electoral votes. Jackson received 99, Adams 84, Crawford 41, & Clay 37. With no one winning, it goes over to the house of representative to decide the 3 candidate who received the largest amount of votes.

However, Adams had a trick in his sleeve. Henry Clay was the house speaker & Adams had offered him a position in his cabinet. With no chance  of winning the election due to being in fourth place. Not to mention his hatred of Andrew Jackson, influence the house to vote for Adams. Jackson & his supporters called this the corrupt bargain. John Quincy Adams presidency was haunted by the corrupt bargain. So with any chance of passing Adams proposals were shot down by congress, which were controlled by Jacksonians.

John Quincy Adams: Did nothing


When the election of 1828 came, new parties were forming. Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, & their supporters began calling themselves National Republicans. The Jacksonians were later called Democrats. Unlike the last election, Andrew Jackson won with 178 electoral votes to Adams 83. With Jackson becoming president, a new era of politics came. Long after Native American resistance was broken in the war of 1812, there was still a majority of Native Indians in the Southeast. Jackson wanted to move these Native Americans to the west. So they passed the Indian removal act which caused the trail of tears started. The trail of tears were U.S soldiers forcing Native Americans to relocate with nothing but clothes.

Before Jackson was president, Adams passed a tariff bill right before his presidency ended. The tariff was detrimental to the South economy. With problems over tariffs, Vice president John C. Calhoun decided that states can nullify federal laws if it was considered unconstitutional. Despite being vice president to Andrew Jackson, it made them enemies over this issue. South Carolina nullified the tariff & threaten secession if they tried to collect the tariffs. The Senate decided to pass a compromise tariff to avoid South Carolina secession .

When Jackson ran for re election, he decided to replace Calhoun with Martin Van Buren. A little backstory to this upcoming issue, the second bank of the U.S was a extremely powerful bank which could influence congress. Jackson hated the bank. So he went on a war with the bank, the people rallied behind Jackson’s cause. In the end, the bank went out of business.  But in exchange for defeating corruption in Congress, the economy tanked long after Jackson went out of office. Prosperity was at America’s doors when the bank went down but it was only a folly.

Andrew Jackson

A big L: The Trail of Tears

+ Prevented South Carolina

+ Ending the second bank of America (The reason I’m putting this as a positive was because despite the economy tanked, it prevented decades of corruptions.)


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