James Monroe: Presidency Review

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With the aftermath of the war of 1812, a great deal of economic changes came into the U.S. Such as machines & factories, the reason for these changes was because of the war. Due to the British blockade of goods, the U.S was forced to manufacture its own goods. With this new wave of manufacturing & factories, new inventions came along as well. So the war in general was progress for the United States. The reason I brought up the war was because of significant it was in the election of 1816. The federalists were already viewed elitists due to their looks on classes. Not to mention that they failed to bring a presidential candidate to the white house 5 times already.

The final straw for the federalists was their opposition to the war of 1812, as by the time they tried to make a move to get out of the war. The war had already ended with the signing of the treaty of Ghent. So the democratic republican candidate James Monroe had it already in the bag. With the victory of James Monroe, a era started that was called the era of good feelings. The reason it was called the era of good feelings was because of American citizens feeling the sense of nationalism & isolationism. With the U.S having its sense of nationalism strengthen, it also wanted it’s borders to expand. So the first attempt to expands its border was the Rush Bagot agreement, a agreement with the U.S & Britain that their borders were settled in the far west of the rocky mountains.

After the U.S dealt with the British, it was time to deal with the Spanish.  The U.S previously had problems with its runaway slaves going into Florida which was owned by Spain. But what made the problem that it was also a refuge for pirates. Which means Georgia’s white settlements were raided to reclaim land, these were called the Seminole raids . Another problem was that the U.S & Spain already have tense relationships. So Monroe sent General Andrew Jackson to go stop the raids, but instead Jackson went into Florida & claimed it for the U.S. Which gave Monroe a leverage in negotiating with Spain. Spain could either keep Florida or give it to the U.S. The Spanish decided to sign the Adams Onis treaty, in which the Spain gave up Florida & its claims to Oregon.

A growing issue was the debate that Missouri was either a free state or slave state.The slave states feared Missouri being a free state could upset the balance of the states. Which would mean that the free states would have a majority in Congress & ban slavery in all states. So in order to keep the free states &  slave states happy, congress passed the Missouri compromise. The compromise was that Main was a free state &  Missouri a slave state. It had also drawn a line between in its unorganized territory in whatever it was open to slavery or not. The issue would grow bigger in later decades. During the Monroe presidency, many countries in the Americas had fought for independence & won. The U.S feared that the monarchies in Europe would try to regain their colonies because it would threaten them. In order to stop this, they introduced the Monroe doctrine. Which would stop any empires attempting to colonize the Americas.

James Monroe  7/10

– Missouri compromise

+ Monroe doctrine

+ U.S expanding its borders

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